Surveys done at the time of any property purchase, should reflect the boundary lines. Prior to erecting a fence on a boundary line, an updated survey could be ordered which reflects the accurate boundary lines. This may be impossible, due to perhaps the age of the property or the wording of the deed. (Some older deeds can contain legal descriptions such as “52 feet from the bend in the stream” on a piece of land, which has only a dry riverbed where a stream once existed.) In such a situation, the owner may file a quiet title lawsuit and request the judge determine the boundary lines of the property. This procedure is generally more expensive than a survey due to the legal filing fees. An acceptable alternative is for adjacent property owners to agree on a physical object, such as a fence, which could serve as the boundary line between the properties. Each owner would then sign a quitclaim deed to the other, granting the neighbor ownership to any land on the other side of the line both owners had agreed upon.
If the piece of property in dispute has been used by someone other than the owner for a number of years, the doctrine of adverse possession may apply. State laws vary with respect to time requirements, however, typically, the possession by the non-owner must be open, notorious, and under a claim of right. In some states, the non-owner must also pay the property taxes on the occupied land. A permissive use of property eliminates the ability to claim adverse possession.