Nevada Assignment and Satisfaction of Mortgage Law

Real Property – Mortgage Satisfaction – Nevada

Assignments Generally: Lenders, or holders of mortgages or deeds of trust, often assign mortgages or deeds of trust to other lenders, or third parties. When this is done the assignee (person who received the assignment) steps into the place of the original lender or assignor. To effectuate an assignment, the general rules is that the assignment must be in proper written format and recorded to provide notice of the assignment.

Satisfactions Generally: Once a mortgage or deed of trust is paid, the holder of the mortgage is required to satisfy the mortgage or deed of trust of record to show that the mortgage or deed of trust is no longer a lien on the property. The general rule is that the satisfaction must be in proper written format and recorded to provide notice of the satisfaction. If the lender fails to record a satisfaction within set time limits, the lender may be responsible for damages set by statute for failure to timely cancel the lien. Depending on your state, a satisfaction may be called a Satisfaction, Cancellation, or Reconveyance. Some states still recognize marginal satisfaction but this is slowly being phased out. A marginal satisfaction is where the holder of the mortgage physically goes to the recording office and enters a satisfaction on the face of the the recorded mortgage, which is attested by the clerk.

Nevada Law

Execution of Assignment or Satisfaction: Assignment must be signed by Trust Beneficiary. Trust Beneficiary must sign certificate of release and provide to Trustee, who then signs satisfaction.

Assignment: Recommended that assignment be recorded in order to avoid complications.

Demand to Satisfy: Within 21 calendar days after receiving written notice that a debt secured by a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1991, has been paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, the beneficiary shall deliver to the trustee or the trustor the original note and deed of trust, if he is in possession of those documents, and a properly executed request to reconvey the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor.

Recording Satisfaction: A recorded deed of trust may be discharged by an entry on the margin of the record thereof, signed by the trustee or his personal representative or assignee in the presence of the recorder or his deputy, acknowledging the satisfaction of or value received for the deed of trust and the debt secured thereby. (But see, NRS 107.073, below.)

Marginal Satisfaction: Allowed, UNLESS deed of trust has been recorded by a microfilm or other photographic process- if so, an acknowledged reconveyance of the deed of trust must be recorded.

Penalty: If the beneficiary fails to deliver to the trustee a properly executed request to reconvey, or if the trustee fails to cause to be recorded a reconveyance of the deed of trust, the beneficiary or the trustee, as the case may be, is liable in a civil action to the grantor, his heirs or assigns in the sum of $500, plus a reasonable attorney’s fee. (And see, NRS 107.077(3), below.)

Acknowledgment: An assignment or satisfaction must contain a proper Nevada acknowledgment, or other acknowledgment approved by Statute.

Nevada Statutes

NRS 107.073 Marginal entries; reconveyance must be recorded if deed of trust recorded by photographic process; presentation of certificate executed by trustee or his personal representative or assignee.

1. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, a recorded deed of trust may be discharged by an entry on the margin of the record thereof, signed by the trustee or his personal representative or assignee in the presence of the recorder or his deputy, acknowledging the satisfaction of or value received for the deed of trust and the debt secured thereby. The recorder or his deputy shall subscribe the entry as witness. The entry has the same effect as a reconveyance of the deed of trust acknowledged and recorded as provided by law. The recorder shall properly index each marginal discharge.

2. If the deed of trust has been recorded by a microfilm or other photographic process, a marginal release may not be used and an acknowledged reconveyance of the deed of trust must be recorded.

3. If the recorder or his deputy is presented with a certificate executed by the trustee or his personal representative or assignee, specifying that the deed of trust has been paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, the recorder or his deputy shall discharge the deed of trust upon the record.

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NRS 107.077 Delivery of documents by beneficiary to trustee; recording by trustee; liability for failure to deliver or record documents; requirements for release of deed of trust when reconveyance not recorded; liability for improperly recording deed of trust; criminal penalty.

1. Within 21 calendar days after receiving written notice that a debt secured by a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1991, has been paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, the beneficiary shall deliver to the trustee or the trustor the original note and deed of trust, if he is in possession of those documents, and a properly executed request to reconvey the estate in real property conveyed to the trustee by the grantor. If the beneficiary delivers the original note and deed of trust to the trustee or the trustee has those documents in his possession, the trustee shall deliver those documents to the grantor.

2. Within 45 calendar days after a debt secured by a deed of trust made on or after October 1, 1991, is paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged, and a properly executed request to reconvey is received by the trustee, the trustee shall cause to be recorded a reconveyance of the deed of trust.

3. If the beneficiary fails to deliver to the trustee a properly executed request to reconvey pursuant to subsection 1, or if the trustee fails to cause to be recorded a reconveyance of the deed of trust pursuant to subsection 2, the beneficiary or the trustee, as the case may be, is liable in a civil action to the grantor, his heirs or assigns in the sum of $500, plus a reasonable attorney’s fee and the costs of bringing the action, and he is liable in a civil action to any party to the deed of trust for any actual damages caused by his failure to comply with the provisions of this section and for a reasonable attorney’s fee and the costs of bringing the action.

4. Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a reconveyance is not recorded pursuant to subsection 2 within:

(a) Seventy-five calendar days after the payment, satisfaction or discharge of the debt, if the payment, satisfaction or discharge was made on or after October 1, 1993; or
(b) Ninety calendar days after the payment, satisfaction or discharge of the debt, if the payment, satisfaction or discharge was made beforeOctober 1, 1993, a title insurer may prepare and cause to be recorded a release of the deed of trust. At least 30 calendar days before the recording of a releasepursuant to this subsection, the title insurer shall mail, by first-class mail, postage prepaid, notice of the intention to record the release of thedeed of trust to the trustee, trustor and beneficiary of record, or their successors in interest, at the last known address of each such person. A release prepared and recorded pursuant to this subsection shall be deemed a reconveyance of a deed of trust. The title insurer shall not cause a release to be recorded pursuant to this subsection if the title insurer receives written instructions to the contrary from the trustee, the trustor, the owner of the land, the holder of the escrow or the owner of the debt secured by the deed of trust or his agent.

5. The release prepared pursuant to subsection 4 must set forth:

(a) The name of the beneficiary;
(b) The name of the trustor;
(c) The recording reference to the deed of trust;
(d) A statement that the debt secured by the deed of trust has been paid in full or otherwise satisfied or discharged;
(e) The date and amount of payment or other satisfaction or discharge; and
(f) The name and address of the title insurer issuing the release.

6. A release prepared and recorded pursuant to subsection 4 does not relieve a beneficiary or trustee of the requirements imposed by subsections 1 and 2.

7. A trustee may charge a reasonable fee to the trustor or the owner of the land for services relating to the preparation, execution or recordation of a reconveyance or release pursuant to this section. A trustee shall not require the fees to be paid before the opening of an escrow, or earlier than 60 calendar days before the payment, satisfaction or discharge of the debt secured by the deed of trust. If a fee charged pursuant to this subsection does not exceed $100, the fee is conclusively presumed to be reasonable.

8. In addition to any other remedy provided by law, a title insurer who improperly causes to be recorded a release of a deed of trust pursuant to this section is liable for actual damages and for a reasonable attorney’s fee and the costs of bringing the action to any person who is injured because of the improper recordation of the release.

9. Any person who willfully violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

NRS 111.312 Recording of certain documents relating to real property: Mailing address of grantee or person requesting recording and assessor’s parcel number required.

1. The county recorder shall not record with respect to real property, a notice of completion, a declaration of homestead, a lien or notice of lien, an affidavit of death, a mortgage or deed of trust, or any conveyance of real property or instrument in writing setting forth an agreement to convey real property unless the document being recorded contains:

(a) The mailing address of the grantee or, if there is no grantee, the mailing address of the person who is requesting the recording of the document; and
(b) The assessor’s parcel number of the property at the top of the first page of the document, if the county assessor has assigned a parcel number to the property. The county recorder is not required to verify that the assessor’s parcel number is correct.

2. The assessor’s parcel number shall not be deemed to be a complete legal description of the real property conveyed.


Inside Nevada Assignment and Satisfaction of Mortgage Law