Alaska Assignment and Satisfaction of Mortgage Law

Real Property – Mortgage Satisfaction – Alaska

Assignments Generally: Lenders, or holders of mortgages or deeds of trust, often assign mortgages or deeds of trust to other lenders, or third parties.  When this is done the assignee (person who received the assignment) steps into the place of the original lender or assignor.  To effectuate an assignment, the general rules is that the assignment must be in proper written format and recorded to provide notice of the assignment.

Satisfactions Generally: Once a mortgage or deed of trust is paid, the holder of the mortgage is required to satisfy the mortgage or deed of trust of record to show that the mortgage or deed of trust is no longer a lien on the property. The general rule is that the satisfaction must be in proper written format and recorded to provide notice of the satisfaction.  If the lender fails to record a satisfaction within set time limits, the lender may be responsible for damages set by statute for failure to timely cancel the lien. Depending on your state, a satisfaction may be called a Satisfaction, Cancellation, or Reconveyance.  Some states still recognize marginal satisfaction but this is slowly being phased out.  A marginal satisfaction is where the holder of the mortgage physically goes to the recording office and enters a satisfaction on the face of the the recorded mortgage, which is attested by the clerk.

Alaska Law

Assignment: An assignment may be recorded, and thereupon operates as constructive notice to all persons.

Demand to Satisfy: The lender must record satisfaction of the deed of trust upon full payment and receipt of written request from debtor.

Recording Satisfaction: A deed of trust may be discharged upon the record of the mortgage by the recorder who has custody of the record when there is presented to the recorder a certificate executed by the mortgagee or the personal representatives or assigns of the mortgagee, acknowledged or proved and certified to entitle conveyances to be recorded, specifying that the mortgage is paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged.

Marginal Satisfaction: A mortgage may be discharged upon the record of the mortgage by the recorder when presented with a certificate executed by the mortgagee, acknowledged and specifying that the mortgage is satisfied. The certificate itself shall also be recorded.

Penalty: If a mortgagee, after full performance of the condition of the mortgage, for 10 days after being so requested in writing, and after tender of the reasonable charges, neglects or refuses to discharge the mortgage, or to execute and acknowledge a certificate of discharge or release of the mortgage, the mortgagee is liable to the mortgagor in the sum of $300 damages, and also for all damages occasioned by the neglect or refusal.

Acknowledgment: An assignment or satisfaction must contain a proper Alaska acknowledgment, or other acknowledgment approved by Statute.

Alaska Statutes

Sec. 34.20.030. Recording of discharge upon certificate of mortgagee.

A mortgage may be discharged upon the record of the mortgageby the recorder who has custody of the record when there is presented to the recorder a certificate executed by the mortgagee or the personal representatives or assigns of the mortgagee, acknowledged or proved and certified in the manner prescribed in AS 34.15 to entitle conveyances to be recorded, specifying that the mortgage is paid or otherwise satisfied or discharged.

Sec. 34.20.040. Recording certificate.

A certificate of discharge provided for in AS 34.20.030 and the proof or acknowledgment of the certificate shall be recorded at full length. A reference shall be made to the book and page containing the record of the certificate in the entry of the discharge of the mortgage made by the recorder upon the record of the discharge.

Sec. 34.20.050. Penalty for failure to discharge mortgage or execute certificate.

If a mortgagee, or personal representatives, successors in interest or assigns of the mortgagee, after full performance of the condition of the mortgage, whether before or after a breach, for 10 days after being so requested in writing, and after tender of the reasonable charges, neglects or refuses to discharge the mortgage, or to execute and acknowledge a certificate of discharge or release of the mortgage, the mortgagee is liable to the mortgagor, the heirs, successors in interest, representatives or assigns of the mortgagor, in the sum of $300 damages, and also for all damages occasioned by the neglect or refusal.

Sec. 34.20.110. Trust deeds recorded as mortgages.

For the purposes of record, a deed of trust, given to secure an indebtedness, shall be treated as a mortgage of real estate, and recorded in full in the book provided for mortgages of real property. The person who makes or executes the deed of trust shall be indexed as “mortgagor,” and the trustee and the beneficiary or cestui que trust, as the “mortgagees.”

Sec. 34.20.130. Recording assignment, subordination, or waiver.

(a) The following instruments may be recorded:

(1) an assignment of the beneficial interest under a deed of trust; or
(2) an instrument by which a deed of trust of real property is subordinated or waived as to priority.

(b) From the time it is filed for record, the instrument operates as constructive notice to all persons.


Inside Alaska Assignment and Satisfaction of Mortgage Law